Course Modules

1st Semester

AIR POLLUTION AND AIR POLLUTION ABATEMENT TECHNOLOGIES

Module Description

Full Module Description:
Mode of Delivery:  Face-to-face
Weekly Hours:  
ECTS:  6
Web Page:
Moodle Page:

Learning Outcomes

The course constitutes an introduction to basic concepts of air pollution. 

An analysis is given on:

• the anthropogenic and natural sources, the types of air pollution, the effect of meteorological phenomena and parameters,

• the relevant European and national legislation, the methods and standards of measurements, instrumentation, the standard and non-standard methods of sampling and measurement, the calibration and control procedures,

• air-quality assessments, the long term and short term action plans, industrial accidents, national emission ceilings, industrial emissions, introduction to noise.

The course aims to the comprehension of basic aspects of air quality and the control of air pollution. In addition, it aims to review the basic guidelines of the legislation regarding the industry and air pollution in Greece and EU.

After the successful completion of the course, the students will be able:  

1. to understand basic aspects on air pollution and the quality of atmospheric environment

2. to describe and clearly understand the sources causing the air pollution

3. to clearly understand, interpret and explain aspects regarding the air pollution and also to estimate, assess and came to conclusions

4. to perform statistical analysis of pollutant concentration and compare to limit values

5. to evaluate different types of air pollution and the means of abatement control

6. to carry out write-ups and reports based on measurements

Module Description

  • Air pollution, anthropogenic and natural sources, the types of air pollution, the effect of meteorological phenomena and parameters.
  • Τhe relevant European and national legislation, the methods and standards of measurements, instrumentation, the standard and non-standard methods of sampling and measurement, the calibration and control procedures.
  • Αir-quality assessments, industrial accidents, national emission ceilings, industrial emissions, introduction to noise, long term and short term action plans.

Assessment Methods and Criteria

Multiple choice exam (50%)

Written work (30%)

Technical Report (20%)

Recommended or required Bibliography

1. ΥΠΑΠΕΝ, Ετήσια Έκθεση Ατμοσφαιρικής Ρύπανσης 2014

2. Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος & Ενέργειας http://www.ypeka.gr/Default.aspx?tabid=488&language=el-GR

3. Ευρωπαϊκός Οργανισμός Περιβάλλοντος http://www.eea.europa.eu/el/themes/air/intro 

4. Παγκόσμιος Οργανισμός Υγείας http://www.who.int/phe/health_topics/outdoorair/en/

5. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/search.html?DC_CODED=2527&type=advanced&qid=1455875867619

BIODIVERSITY AND NATURE CONSERVATION

Module Description

Full Module Description:
Mode of Delivery:  Face to face (lectures, laboratories)
Weekly Hours:  3
ECTS:  6
Web Page:
Moodle Page:

Learning Outcomes

Upon completion of the course, students will have:

  • In-depth knowledge and critical understanding of the theory and principles of biodiversity and the interrelationships of its levels with the basic effects from infrastructure development in nature conservation areas. 
  • Knowledge and skills to realize and combine the complexity of the relations and interactions between the ecosystem structures and functions and the human impacts from the one side with the sustainable management aiming at the conservation of species and habitats.
  • Knowledge of the tools for applied policy measures in the section of nature conservation and management in Greece and EU, as well as how to focus and contribute to the problems solving from their implementation methodology in Greece.
  • Analyze the possible effects to the natural environment and to the biodiversity elements and propose measures to minimize the consequences with the priority given to the conservation of the important for the national and European legislation for species, habitats and areas.
  • Cooperate and synthesize (as a member of a group) an integrated management and restoration plan for the biodiversity and the natural ecosystems of an area where a development work (environmental or not) is under preparation.
  • Know and apply the rules and recommendations related to environmental protection.

Module Description

Basic principles on the ecology and biodiversity of Greece – Basic guidelines for the Greek and European legislation on nature conservation.

  • Protected areas – at global level, at the European level and at the National level where the main emphasis is given (Institutional framework for the conservation and management: Directive 79/409 on the protection of birds and Directive 92/43 on the protection of species and habitats within protected areas categories.  Horizontal management measures for the Special Protection Areas.  European ecological network NATURA 2000 (list of protected NATURA 2000 areas, maps in the NATURA 2000 areas, implementation report in NATURA 2000 areas).
  • Protected areas management – Management Institutions, legislation, problems, perspectives.
  • National Biodiversity Strategy and its implementation in the frame of the EU Biodiversity Strategy 2020.
  • Specific Environmental Studies for Nature protected Areas, Ornithological Studies (templates and how to work such a study, implementation problems and solutions.
  • International Conventions (Global Convention for the Biodiversity Conservation. Vision and Targets. 
  • Ecosystems and Ecosystem Services. Mapping and Assessment, economic valuation of the ecosystems and of the biodiversity.  Funding.
  • Protection of the marine biodiversity.  Access to genetic resources and sharing of benefits.
  • Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. Strategic goals and topics of particular interest (assessment and risk management, liability and restoration, transboundary movement of living organisms, etc.).  Strategic Plan for the implementation of the Protocol.  Evaluation Protocol. 
  • Genetically Modified Organisms.  Introduction – development of agricultural policy in Europe.  Genetically Modified Organisms – benefits and problems.  European legislation – authorization process.  List of authorized GMOs by the EU Directive 2001/18 "for the deliberate release of GMOs the environment "and relevant Resolutions.
  • Regulation 1829/2003 on GM food and feed.  Regulation 1946/2003 on the transboundary movement of GMOs Regulation 1830/2003 on traceability and labeling of GMOs and traceability of food and feed produced from GMOs and amending Directive 2001/18.  Evaluation procedure GMO authorization applications the EU by EFSA.  Political and economic aspects of the mentioned issues. 

Assessment Methods and Criteria

  • Written examination:  80%
  • Interactive teaching and participation in the projects discussions:   20%

Recommended or required Bibliography

  • Science for Environment Policy (2015). Ecosystem Services and the Environment. In-depth Report 11 produced for the European Commission, DG Environment by the Science Communication Unit, UWE, Bristol. 
  • European Commission (2013). Mapping and Assessment of Ecosystems and their Services.  An analytical framework for ecosystem assessments under Action 5 of the EU Biodiversity strategy to 2020. Technical Report – Discussion paper
  • European Commission (2014). Mapping and Assessment of Ecosystems and their Services.  Indicators for ecosystem assessments under Action 5 of the EU Biodiversity strategy to 2020. Technical Report - Discussion paper
  • Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος, Ενέργειας και Κλιματικής Αλλαγής (ΥΠΕΚΑ) (2014). Εθνική Στρατηγική και Σχέδιο Δράσης για τη Βιοποικιλότητα. Παναγιώτης Δημόπουλος, Επιστημονική Επιμέλεια έκδοσης. ISBN: 978-960-7284-31-0, Αθήνα, 134 σελ.
  • Δημόπουλος Π., Παντής Ι., Τζανουδάκης Δ. & Δ. Βαγενάς (2008): Εγχειρίδιο Αειφορικής Διαχείρισης Προστατευόμενων Περιοχών, Εκδόσεις ΠΑΠΠΑΣ Ο.Ε., σελ. 643. ISBN 978-960-89071-2-6, Αθήνα. 
  • Δημόπουλος Π., E. Bergmeier, Κ. Θεοδωρόπουλος, P. Fischer & Μ. Τσιαφούλη (2005): Οδηγός Παρακολούθησης Τύπων Οικοτόπων και Φυτικών Ειδών στις περιοχές του Δικτύου Natura 2000 με Φορείς Διαχείρισης. ISBN 960-233-168-2. Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων, Υ.ΠΕ.ΧΩ.Δ.Ε., 172 σελ.

 

Scientific Journals: 

  • Journal for Nature Conservation, Biodiversity Conservation, Biological Conservation

CLIMATE CHANGE

Module Description

Full Module Description:
Mode of Delivery:  Face to face
Weekly Hours:  3
ECTS:  6
Web Page:
Moodle Page:

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of the course students will be able to:

  • Understand basic concepts of the subject of climate change, the main conclusions of the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change), the causes of climate change and the link climate change with sustainable development.
  • Be aware of the European and international institutional framework, the United Nations Convention on Climate Change, the Kyoto Protocol, the Agreement of Paris.
  • Distinguish Mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol, the European Emissions Trading Scheme, policies and available technologies for reducing emissions of carbon dioxide, their environmental impact, their advantages and disadvantages, along with the adaptation policies to negative effects of climate change. They will also able to quantify the effect of mitigation policies.
  • Use the IPCC methodologies and software to determine the greenhouse gas emissions per source.
  • Analyze and calculate the carbon footprint of a household, a company, a city or a country.

Module Description

  • Basic concepts.  Greenhouse gases.  Key findings of the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). Causes of climate change – climate change and sustainable development. European institutional framework. International legal framework.
  • UN Convention on Climate Change – Kyoto Protocol – Agreement of Paris.  Basic provisions of the United Nations Convention on Climate Change.  Basic provisions of the Kyoto Protocol.  Mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol.  Clean Development and Joint Implementation Mechanisms (CDM and JI).  Emission Trading System (ETS).
  • Calculation of GHG Emissions.
  • Emissions Trading Scheme in Greece and Europe.
  • Legislative package climate – energy.  Directive 2009/29 amending Directive 2003/87. Economic sectors subject to Emissions Trading System.  Exceptions due to international competition (carbon leakage). Regulation (EC) 525/2013 on monitoring and reporting GHG reports. Decision 529/2013 for land use, forestry LULUCF etc.
  • Mitigation policies RES – Energy saving.
  • Transport and greenhouse gases.
  • Aviation.  Shipping.  Economic sectors not covered by the Emissions Trading Scheme. Decision 406/2009/EC.  Quantitative objectives.
  • Carbon Footprint.
  • Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS).  Shale Gas – Fracking.
  • Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS).  Protection of the Ozone Layer.
  • Fluorinated gases (F-Gases).  European institutional framework.
  • The Urban – Residential environment at the agenda for climate change.
  • Adaptation to climate change (European strategy on adaptation, risk prevention – climate "proofing", financial data, examples from other countries, national action programme).

Assessment Methods and Criteria

Written exams with: 

a) multiple choice questionnaires (40%)  

b) short answer questions (10%)

Written work (50%)

Recommended or required Bibliography

  • IPCC, Fifth Assessment Report (AR5), 2014.
  • UNEP, The Emissions Gap Report, 2015.
  • IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, 2006.
  • Η εκάστοτε Εθνική Έκθεση Απογραφής (National Inventory Report), όπου υπολογίζονται σε εθνικό επίπεδο οι ανθρωπογενείς εκπομπές από πηγές καθώς και οι απορροφήσεις από καταβόθρες των αερίων θερμοκηπίου.
  • Εθνική Έκθεση (National Communication), που υποβάλλεται σε τακτά χρονικά διαστήματα (τα οποία καθορίζονται από σχετικές αποφάσεις της Συνόδου των Συμβαλλομένων Μερών) και περιέχει κυρίως πληροφορίες σχετικά με τις πολιτικές και τα μέτρα που έχουν ληφθεί ή πρόκειται να ληφθούν, 2014.
  • ΥΠΕΚΑ, Εθνικό Σχέδιο Δράσης για τις Ανανεώσιμες Πηγές Ενέργειας, 2010.
  • ΥΠΕΚΑ, 3ο Εθνικό Σχέδιο Δράσης Εξοικονόμησης Ενέργειας, 2014

SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT & SOIL PROTECTION

Module Description

Full Module Description:
Mode of Delivery:  Face to face
Weekly Hours:  3
ECTS:  6
Web Page:
Moodle Page:

Learning Outcomes

Τhe specific learning outcome deriving from the course “Solid Waste Management and Soil Protection”, has been designed and is expected to be as follows:

a) Making the students familiar with the basic ideas and terminology, relevant to solid waste and the well established processes for treatment.

b) Focusing on the problems deriving from waste management within the current social status, which includes the description of the existing legal framework in terms of EU and national legislation, as well as of the related regulatory rules issued by the State or the local authorities.

c) Comparative evaluation of methods and processes for waste management, aiming at complying with the existing legislation, but also, aiming at the prospect of the way towards a “zero waste” society.

d) Knowledge of the legal obligations of installations against the public administration that either waste management is either their main activity or the produce waste because of their main activity, as well as the legal tools to comply with those obligations.

e) Identification of the basic cost elements associated with waste management (either as the main activity or as part of the overall production activity).

f) Establishment and capabilities of sharing of a sensitized approach regarding pollution prevention, reduction of waste, recycling and reuse of materials and energy, etc.

Upon the successful completion of the course, it is expected that the students will be able to:  

  • In the area of knowledge, they learn what is considered as a waste, their categories and the specific impact of each of waste category on economic and social life, and, primarily, on human health and safety as well as on fauna and flora, which are the main terms/definitions and principles of waste management, which are the waste management operation and how they are classified, which are the main direction of the waste management legislation and the possible changes in the near future, which are the available technologies, their environmental impacts and their operation and investment cost.
  • Regarding the skills, the students are trained into recording and understanding a complex environment (mainly legal, but also techno-economic) for waste management,  they become familiar with treatment techniques and get the feeling of basic principles for optimized management, based on the international and domestic experience.
  • In the level of capabilities, it is believed that the students’ capabilities to identify the critical waste management problems, on a professional level, in the framework of a greater project is strongly enhanced, as well as their ability to make decisions and suggest solutions, to evaluate alternatives, to understand and manage waste issues in small or large scale, as per national and EU legislation.  

Module Description

The Syllabus of the course “Solid Waste Management and Soil Protection” is as  follows:

  • EU legal framework on waste, waste management in the EU and direction of the EU acquis (circular economy), basic terms.
  • National legal framework.
  • Waste prevention.
  • Waste recovery (material and energy).
  • Waste disposal (landfilling and incineration/coincineration).
  • Waste collection and shipment.
  • Management of household waste in Greece.
  • Management of non-hazardous industrial waste and waste of production activities.
  • Waste management plans (national and regional) and prevention plans.   
  • Treatment technologies of hazardous waste.
  • Management of Hazardous Waste in Greece.
  • Management of Medicinal Waste in Greece. 
  • Management of mining waste.
  • Soil protection and rehabilitation of illegal landfills.

Assessment Methods and Criteria

Written exams with multiple choice system (50%)

Short answers question (20%)

Written work   (30%)

Recommended or required Bibliography

ENGLISH

1. Sources relevant to environmental science and wastes

  • G. Tyler Miller, "Environmental Science", Wadsworth Publ. Co., 1997. 
  • The Fu Yen, "Environmental Chemistry", Pearson Prentice Hall, USA, 1999.
  • European Environmental Agency, “The European Environment – State and Outlook”, 2005. 
  • R. T. Wright, “Environmental Science", Pearson Prentice Hall, 9th Edition, USA, 2005.
  • T.G. Spiro, W.M. Stigliani, "Chemistry of the Environment", 2nd Edition, Pearson Prentice Hall, USA, 2002.
  • P.A. Vesilind, J.J. Peirce, R.F. Weiner, “Environmental Pollution and Control”, 3rd Edition, Butterworth – Heinemann, USA, 1990.
  • Naoko Tojo, Alexander Neubauer and Ingo Brauer, IIIEE, Waste management policies and policy instruments in Europe, Report written as part of project HOLIWAST, WP 1, 2006.

2. Legal or quasi legal texts (guidelines etc.), such as:

  • National Waste Management Plan.
  • National Prevention Plan.
  • European Waste Catalogue.
  • Guidance document on “Πράσινα Σημεία”.
  • Preparing a Waste Management Plan. A methodological guidance note, European Commission, Directorate-General Environment, 2012.
  • Guidance on the interpretation of key provisions of Directive 2008/98/EC on waste, European Commission, Directorate-General Environment, 2012.
  • ETC/SCP working paper 1/2012, Overview of the use of landfill taxes in Europe, April 2012.
  • END-OF-WASTE CRITERIA FOR WASTE PLASTIC FOR CONVERSION, TECHNICAL PROPOSALS, Final draft report, March 2013, IPTS (Institute for Prospective Technological Studies) and JRC, Sevilla, Spain.
  • European Commission, Indicative Roadmap of Waste Policy and Legislation, February 2013.
  • Performances – Final Report, Bio Intelligence Service, Contract ENV.G.4/FRA/2008/0112, 10 April 2012.
  • OECD/EEA database on instruments used for environmental policy and natural resources management,  http://www2.oecd.org/ecoinst/queries/
  • EEA, Resource efficiency in Europe, Policies and approaches in 31 EEA member and cooperating countries, No 5/2011.
  • EEA, 2011 Survey of resource efficiency policies in EEA member and cooperating countries, Country Profile Greece, May 2011.

 

GREEK 

3. Ανδ. Ανδρεόπουλος.  Εκπαιδευτικές σημειώσεις  στα ακόλουθα:

α) Διαχείριση Αστικών Αποβλήτων.

β) Διαχείριση Αποβλήτων Παραγωγής.

γ) Επικίνδυνα Απόβλητα.

δ) Απόβλητα Υγειονομικών Μονάδων.

ε) Εξορυκτικά  Απόβλητα.

  • Λοϊζίδου Μ., (2008), «Εισαγωγή στην Περιβαλλοντική  Επιστήμη –  Περιβαλλοντική Πολιτική», διδακτ. σημειώσεις, ΕΜΠ (Σχολή Χημικών Μηχανικών).

ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN IN ARCHITECTURE

Module Description

Full Module Description:
Mode of Delivery:  Lectures, laboratories , distance learning methods
Weekly Hours:  3
ECTS:  6
Web Page:
Moodle Page:

Learning Outcomes

With the successful completion of the course the students will be able:

  • To know and understand the issues of sustainable construction and the parameters involved in this subject area both in theoretical as well as in practical level (site visits/construction sites of special building implementations). 
  • To know and use research methodological tools and develop their research capabilities on the subject through teamwork in an interdisciplinary environment. 
  • To evaluate and assess buildings from an environmental point of view (environmental monitoring of spaces, bibliographical research and source analysis, critical analysis and assessment of fieldwork data), through assignment in specific case study. 
  • To address research questions and export overall research findings in a team level as a result of the collaboration between its members in specific research issues relating to different environmental parameters (each group investigates a different environmental parameter of the same case study building – hence the final product consists of a complete study of the building in which all students have contributed). 
  • To understand and assess contemporary software and analysis methods of environmental building. 
  • To face and resolve realistic implementation issues as well as to develop environmental building strategies. 

Module Description

  • Introduction – Basic notions – European policies. 
  • Sources – Governance – Financial growth.
  • Heat transfer – Energy – Shell.
  • Sun exposure – shading.
  • Ventilations.
  • Comfort.
  • Natural lighting.
  • Materials – Outdoor space.
  • Environmental diversity – Environmental quality.
  • Building performance assessment tools.
  • Tools and software of environmental buildings. 

Assessment Methods and Criteria

Written examination (50%)  

Written essay (40%)

Public presentation of essay (10%)

Recommended or required Bibliography

1. Philip Jodidio, 2009, “Green Architecture Now!”, Taschen. 

2. Anink, D., Boonstra Ch. and John Mak, 1996, “Handbook of Sustainable Building. An Environmental Preference Method for Selection of Materials for Use in Construction and Refurbishment”, James & James, UK.

3. Bougdah, Hocine and Stephen Sharples, 2010, “Environment, Technology and Sustainability”, TOA2, Taylor and Francis.

4. Burton, Hugh (ed by), 2000, “Sustainable Communities. The Potential for Eco-Neighborhoods”, Earthscan Ltd., UK.

5. Guzowski, Mary, 2010, “Towards Zero Energy Architecture, New Solar Design”, Lawrence King, London.

6. Plummer, Henry, 2009, “The Architecture of Natural Light”, Thames & Hudson, UK.

7. Van Uffelen, Chris, 2012, “Passive Houses, Energy Efficient Homes”, Braun Publishing AG. 

8. Sue Roaf, Manuel Fuentes, Stephanie Thomas, κ.ά (συλλογικός τόμος), 2009, «ECOΔΟΜΕΙΝ. Βιοκλιματικός Σχεδιασμός Κτιρίων και Εφαρμογές Ανανεώσιμων Πηγών Ενέργειας», εκδ. Ψύχαλος.

9. Τσίγκας, Ερωτόκριτος Π. (συλλογικός τόμος), 1996, «Ενέργεια στην Αρχιτεκτονική», εκδ. Μαλλιάρης Παιδεία, Αθήνα.

10. Ανδρεαδάκη, Ε., 2006, «Βιοκλιματικός Σχεδιασμός, Περιβάλλον και Βιωσιμότητα», University Studio Press, Θεσσαλονίκη.

2nd Semester

WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT (WRM)

Module Description

Full Module Description:
Mode of Delivery:  Face-to-face
Weekly Hours:  3
ECTS:  6
Web Page:
Moodle Page:

Learning Outcomes

Upon completion of the course, students will have an in-depth knowledge and critical understanding of:

  • The scope, basic principles and objectives of sustainable WRM, in general.
  • The constraints, difficulties, specificities and objectives of WRM in Greece, in particular.
  • Important WRM issues in Greece related to water allocation and use in competing sectors, such as irrigated agriculture, hydropower generation, urban water supply etc. 
  • The EU environmental policy for the protection of water bodies and water resources of member states, as specified in the various directives related to water issues.

 

Students will also be well-informed about:

  • Water policy makers at regional and national level in Greece, as well as the public entities responsible for the implementation of water policies. 
  • Progress made and necessary measures for the implementation of the EU directives related to water issues in Greece. 

 

Students will be able to:

  • Participate in consulting teams or working groups, which are tasked with preparing management plans for specific drainage basins or wider areas, and identifying the necessary measures for the protection and sustainable management of the water bodies and water resources of these regions, in accordance with the requirements of relevant European directives.
  • Participate in consulting teams, which draw up Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) or   Preliminary Environmental Assessment studies, focusing on the impacts of proposed projects and/or activities to the water bodies and water balance of a region.
  • Develop (and/or coordinate) applied research programs on topics related to the protection and management of water resources.

 

Students will be also able to:

  • Assess the water balance modeling of a basin or a water district, or the water balance of a reservoir, based on measurements or estimates of the hydrologic equation terms. 
  • Suggest ways of managing water in a river basin or a reservoir to meet specific needs, while satisfying environmental commitments (e.g. using only renewable groundwater resources, or maintaining adequate ecological flows downstream of a dam, etc.).
  • Evaluate programs of measures specified in the management plans for the water resources of a catchment or a wider area, which are required under the Water Framework Directive 2000/60, as well as other necessary measures and actions required by other relevant Directives, which are also taught in this course.
  • Participate in committees and working groups focusing on the protection and management of water bodies and water resources, and formulating proposals and legal instruments concerning water policy at national, regional and local level.

Module Description

1. Introduction to WRM 

  • Basic concepts: WRM definitions and scope, water uses, WRM objectives.
  • Brief Description of WRM tools: hydrosystems, hydrosystem simulation, reservoir operation modeling, methods for solving water allocation problems.

2. WRM in Greece –Specificities – Current status

  • Specificities of WRM in Greece:  Spatio – temporal distribution of rainfall and water use and demand, water districts and main river basins, transboundary water resources, water supply and demand balance.
  • Water management in agriculture – hydropower generation – urban water systems and demand management.
  • National Plan for Water Resources Management and Protection: a brief presentation.

3. Environmental aspects of WRM – EU Environmental Policy and Legislation regarding Water Bodies and Water.

  • Introduction.
  • Brief presentation of EU directives related to water issues.

4. Water Framework Directive (WFD) 2000/60-1

  • Key points and objectives of the Directive.
  • WFD implementation in Greece.

5. Water Framework Directive (WFD) 2000/60-2

  • Water management plans for the country’s 14 water districts:  Key points, objectives, and stages of implementation.
  • Review of the water management plan of a selected water district.

6. The Groundwater Directive (2006/118)-The Priority Substances Directive (2008/105)

  • Key points of the Directives.
  • Implementation of the Directives in Greece.

7. The Nitrates Directive 91/676

  • Key points of the Directive.
  • Implementation of the Directive in Greece.
  • Nitrate Vulnerable Zones.
  • Common Agricultural Policy-Agri-environment measures.

8. The Cases of Asopos River and Lake Koroneia

  • Asopos River: Main causes of pollution, technical and administrative efforts to address the problem.
  • Lake Koroneia: causes of environmental degradation, technical and administrative efforts to address the problem.

9. The Floods Directive 2007/60 

  • Key points of the Directive - Links between the Flood Directive and the WFD.
  • Implementation of the Directive in Greece.
  • Entities responsible for flood protection – The “Xenokratis” Plan.

10. The New Bathing Water Directive 2006/7

  • Key points of the Directive.
  • Implementation of the Directive in Greece.

11. The Marine Strategy Framework Directive 2008/56 

  • Key points of the Directive.
  • Implementation of the Directive in Greece.

12. Course summary, review – Term paper presentations

Assessment Methods and Criteria

Final exam (multiple choice questionnaires+ problem solving)50%

Short assignments (problem solving) 10%

Term paper30%

Public Presentation 10%

Recommended or required Bibliography

  • Hornberger M. George, Raffensperger P. Jeffrey κ.α. (Επιμ: Καραλής Σωτήρης), «Στοιχεία Φυσικής Υδρολογίας», Εκδόσεις Ίων, 2015.
  • Μιμίκου, Μ., Μπαλτάς. Ε., «Τεχνική Υδρολογία», Εκδόσεις ΠΑΠΑΣΩΤΗΡΙΟΥ, 2012.
  • Τσακίρης Γ., «ΥΔΡΑΥΛΙΚΑ ΕΡΓΑ  Σχεδιασμός & Διαχείριση, ΤΟΜΟΣ Ι: Αστικά Υδραυλικά Έργα», Εκδόσεις Συμμετρία, Αθήνα, 2010.
  • Μιμίκου, Μαρία  Α., «Τεχνολογία Υδατικών Πόρων», Εκδόσεις ΠΑΠΑΣΩΤΗΡΙΟΥ, 2006.
  • Βουδούρης, Κ., «ΤΕΧΝΙΚΗ ΥΔΡΟΓΕΩΛΟΓΙΑ Υπόγεια Νερά», Εκδόσεις Τζιόλα, 2013.
  • Βουδούρης, Κ., «Εκμετάλλευση και διαχείριση υπόγειου νερού», Εκδόσεις Τζιόλα, 2015.
  • Βουδούρης, Κ., «Υδρογεωλογία Περιβάλλοντος – Υπόγεια Νερά και Περιβάλλον», Εκδόσεις Τζιόλα, 2009.

RECYCLING OF WASTE

Module Description

Full Module Description:
Mode of Delivery:  Face to face
Weekly Hours:  3
ECTS:  6
Web Page:
Moodle Page:

Learning Outcomes

Τhe specific learning outcome deriving from the topic “Recycling of Waste”, has been designed and is expected to be as follows:

a) Making the students familiar with the basic ideas and terminology, relevant to recycling and the well established processes for waste recovery/recycling.

b) Making the students familiar with the current union and national legal framework, as well as of the related regulatory rules issued by the State or the local authorities.  

c) Comparative evaluation of methodologies of Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) Systems.  

d) Knowledge of the legal obligations of operators that bear extended producer responsibility.

e) Identification of the basic cost elements associated with the EPR systems and methodologies to calculate the relevant fees

f) Establishment and capabilities of sharing of a sensitized approach regarding pollution prevention, reduction of waste, recycling and reuse of materials and energy, etc.

Upon the successful completion of the course, it is expected that the students will be able to: 

In the area of knowledge, they know what is considered as recycling and extended producer responsibility, which are the main terms, which are main recycling operations per specific waste streams, which are the main direction of the waste management legislation and the possible changes in the near future, which are the available technologies, their environmental impacts and their operation and investment cost, as well as the operation cost of EPR systems.

Regarding the skills, the students will be able to record and understand a complex environment (mainly legal, but also techno-economic) for recycling and EPR systems,  to evaluate recovery recycling techniques and basic principles for optimized management, based on the international and domestic experience.

In the level of capabilities, it is believed that the students’ capabilities to identify, on a professional level, the critical problems associated with the operation of EPR systems and the producer’s obligations, is strongly enhanced, as well as their ability to make decisions and suggest solutions, to evaluate alternatives, to prepare dossiers for the approval of EPR systems, to understand and manage recycling issues in small or large scale, as per national and EU legislation.

Module Description

The Syllabus of the course “Recycling of Waste” is as  follows:

 

  • EU legal framework on waste recycling, EPR, direction of the EU acquis (circular economy), basic terms, main separation techniques and recycling/recovery technologies.
  • General principles of alternative waste management – National legal framework.
  • Recycling of packaging waste.
  • Waste prevention.
  • Biowaste and composting.
  • Recycling of end-of-life-vehicles.
  • Recycling of used tires.
  • Recycling of waste oils.
  • Recycling of waste of electrical and electronic equipment.
  • Recycling of batteries and accumulators.
  • Recycling of construction and demolition waste.
  • Preparation of dossiers for the approval of EPR systems.
  • Ship recycling.

 

Assessment Methods and Criteria

Written exams with multiple choice system (75%)

Short answers question (25%)

Recommended or required Bibliography

A.  Prevention

I. European Commission

- www.generationawake.eu/el 

- electronic journal "environment for Europeans" 

http://ec.europa.eu/environment/news/efe/themes/waste/index_el.htm

- Green Week 2014 - circular economy

-ec.europa.eu/environment/greenweek/programme.html

- European Commission [DG Environment] «Waste Prevention – Handbook: Guidelines on waste prevention programs», October 2012

II. UNEP Green Pack

education.rec.org

ΙΙΙ. National Prevention Plan (Π.Υ.Σ υπ΄αρ. 49/2015)

 

B.  Circular Economy – Waste Management 

http://ec.europa.eu/environment/circular-economy/index_en.htm

1. Preparing a Waste Management Plan – A methodological guidance note, European Commission – Directorate-General Environment, 2012.

2. Guidance on the interpretation of key provisions of Directive 2008/98/EC on waste, European Commission, Directorate-General Environment, Brussels 2012.

3. Use of Economic Instruments and Waste Management Performances – Final Report, Bio Intelligence Service, Contract ENV.G.4/FRA/2008/0112, 10 April 2012, European Commission DG Env, Brussels.

4. OECD/EEA database on instruments used for environmental policy and natural resources management, http://www2.oecd.org/ecoinst/queries/

5. EEA, Resource efficiency in Europe, Policies and approaches in 31 EEA member and cooperating countries, No 5/2011

6. EEA, 2011 Survey of resource efficiency policies in EEA member and cooperating countries, Country Profile Greece, May 2011

7. Naoko Tojo, Alexander Neubauer and Ingo Brauer, IIIEE, Waste management policies and policy instruments in Europe, Report written as part of project HOLIWAST, WP 1, 2006.

8. ETC/SCP working paper 4/2009, Green Public Procurement and Product performance requirements – Case study on selected energy using and non-energy using products, March 2009

9. ETC/RWM working paper 2006/1, Economic instruments to promote material resource efficiency, February 2006

10. UK, End of Waste, Quality protocols, https://www.gov.uk/turn-your-waste-into-a-new-nonwaste

11. European Commission, Indicative Roadmap of Waste Policy and Legislation, February 2013.

12. Ευρωπαϊκή Επιτροπή, «Πράσινη Βίβλος για τα διαχείριση των βιολογικών αποβλήτων στην Ευρωπαϊκή Ενωση», COM(2008) 811 final.

13. Οδηγός για τα Πράσινα Σημεία

14. Circular Economy: Resources and Opportunities, A. Mavropoulos & M. Brocklehurst, Brussels 2015, ISWA 

15. Delivering the circular economy – A toolkit for policy makers, Ellen MacArthrur Foundation, Brussels, 7 Sept. 2015

16. STUDY TO ASSESS THE POSSIBILITY OF GRANTING A DEROGATION GIVEN TO SPECIFIC TYPES OF PLASTICS AND RUBBER WASTE IN THE EU WASTE LIST, Background document prepared for the Waste TAC Meeting on 29 June 2015, European Commission, BiPRO, 22 June 2015  

17. Laitinen, J., Alhola, K., Manninen, K. and Säylä, J. 2014. Treatment of sewage sludge and biowaste for nutrient recycling. Project report, Finnish Environment Institute (in Finnish). Available: http://www.syke.fi/download/noname/%7B75C943EE-6205-42AA-B130-1105133D5FFF%7D/105713

18. Milieu Ltd , WRc and Risk & Policy Analysts Ltd (RPA) 2008. Study on the environmental, economic and social impacts of the use of sewage sludge on land. Final Report Part II: Report on Options and Impacts, DG ENV.G.4/ETU/2008/0076r. Available:  http://ec.europa.eu/environment/archives/waste/sludge/pdf/part_ii_report.pdf

19. Ødegaard 2013. State of the art of wastewater management in the Nordic countries. NORDIWA 2013 13de, Nordiska Avloppskonferensen. Available: http://www.svensktvatten.se/PageFiles/4083/2%20%C3%98degaard%20%20State%20of%20the%20art%20in%20the%20Nordic%20countries.pdf

20. Επιτυχημένες περιπτώσεις κομποστοποίησης και διαλογής στην πηγή, Γενική Διεύθυνση Περιβάλλοντος, Ευρ. Επιτροπή, Βρυξέλλες 2001. 

21. Development of Guidance on Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR), Final Report, European Commission – DG Environment, Brussels 2014. 

22. Bioplastics: Materials, Markets and Management, Conor McGovern, John Finegan, Louise Connolly, rx3, Dublin 2013

23. Monitoring impacts from Council Regulation (EU) No 333/2011: End-of-waste criteria for Al/Fe scrap, Hans Saveyn (JRC-IPTS), Brussels, DG ENV, 17 November 2014.

24. End-of-Waste criteria for waste plastic: JRC technical proposal,  Alejandro Villanueva, DG JRC-IPTS, Brussels, 17 November 2014.

25. Impact Assessment: The European Commission´s Proposed Changes to the Calculation Method for National Packaging Recycling Rates - Executive Summary -, Commissioned by The European Organization for Packaging and the Environment (EUROPEN), Prepared by ARGE cyclos / HTP, October 2014, Germany.

26. Πρότυπη Περιβαλλοντική Μελέτη Σ.Μ.Α.Υ. Νησιών, Έκδοση: Ε.Ε.Α.Α., Σύνταξη: Ε.Π.Τ.Α. Α.Ε., Σεπτέμβριος 2014, Αθήνα.

27. Competition among Producer Responsibility Organisations and role of municipalities in an EPR system - Case study of EPR for household packaging in Belgium, Germany and Austria, Bilyana Spasova (Supervisor Thomas Lindhqvist), Thesis for the fulfilment of the Master of Science in Environmental Management and Policy Lund, Sweden, September 2014. 

28. END-OF-WASTE CRITERIA FOR WASTE PLASTIC FOR CONVERSION TECHNICAL PROPOSALS FINAL REPORT, IPTS (on behalf of JRC), MARCH 2013, Seville, Spain.

29. Energy recovery Efficiency in Municipal Solid Waste-to-Energy plants in relation to local climate conditions,  Study conducted by Clerens Consulting with the collaboration of ESWET for the Eur. Commission JRC, Institute for Energy and Transport, May 2012Petten. 

30. Preparing a Waste Prevention Programme Guidance document, Eur. Commission, Drafted by BioIntelligence Service S.A.S in association with Copenhagen Resource Institute (Copenhagen), Regional Environmental Center (Szentendre) with contributions from members of Umweltbundesamt GmbH, Vienna (AEE), BiPRO GmbH, Munich & Ekotoxikologické Centrum, Bratislava (ETC), October 2012 Paris.

31. STUDY ON THE PROGRESS OF THE IMPLEMENTATION AND IMPACT OF DIRECTIVE 94/62/EC ON THE FUNCTIONING OF THE INTERNAL MARKET: FINAL REPORT, Eur. Commission, drafted by David Perchard and Gill Bevington (Perchards, St Albans, UK), Fred Soomers and Kees Wielenga (FFact Management Consultants, Rijen, The Netherlands), Raphael Veit (SAGIS Ltd, Sliema, Malta), May 2005.

32. DG Competition Paper Concerning Issues of Competition in Waste Management Systems, Eur. Commission, Brussels 2006.

WASTE WATER TREATMENT

Module Description

Full Module Description:
Mode of Delivery:

Formal lectures combined with in-class tutorials to help students understand new concepts, laboratories, teamwork, simulation of a real case study. 

Weekly Hours:  3
ECTS:  9
Web Page:
Moodle Page:

Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of the course students should be able:

 

  • To review the basic guidelines of the European and Greek legislation for wastewater treatment and basic concepts of: (a) the qualitative and quantitative characteristics of waste water, (b) the operation of wastewater treatment facilities, (c) the use of treated wastewater for irrigation, (d) specific requirements for the treatment and disposal of wastewater of tourism facilities, (e) the disposal of wastewater effluents.
  • To illustrate the relevant legislation, wastewater treatment methods, problems and pressures derived from the reuse of wastewater, the complexity of operation of wastewater treatment plants and the technical, legal, developmental and socio-economic factors related to the installation of the wastewater treatment plant.
  • To identify the suitability of the use of treated wastewater for irrigation and to evaluate the optimal method for the management of wastewater.
  • To develop the sustainable management of wastewater in order to identify key elements such as the method of wastewater treatment, the selection of the area for installation of the wastewater treatment plant and the site in which the wastewater should be disposed.
  • To analyze the key cost components of the wastewater treatment plant and the most important criteria for   the selection of the most appropriate site for the plant installation.
  • To argue and co-operate with their fellow students to: (a) to explore and present the most important parameters and criteria that control the decision for site selection of the wastewater treatment plant, (b) to compose and propose arguments and opinions whether to install or not the treatment plant, (c) to record and analyze the advantages and disadvantages of the installation, (d) to seek the maximization of the degree of social consensus.

 

Module Description

 

  • Basic concepts.  Basic subjects of European and Greek legislation for wastewater treatment.
  • Directive 91/271 concerning urban waste water. [Definitions. Quantitative targets for urban wastewater. Sensitive areas. Criteria for the identification of sensitive and less sensitive areas. Industrial waste water. Sewage Sludge. Requirements for urban waste water. Reference methods for the monitoring and assessment of the treatment].
  • Quality characteristics of wastewater (sewage, industrial effluent).
  • Wastewater Treatment Plants. Basic concepts, estimation of the total wastewater flow, selection of the processing method and selection of the disposal site. Technical, legal, developmental and socio-economic factors controlling the installation of the plants.
  • Use of treated wastewater for irrigation (national legislation - minimum requirements, technologies, comparative analysis of the environmental impact, economic cost).
  • Special requirements for the treatment and disposal of wastewater of tourism facilities.
  • Healthcare legislation E1b / 221/65 for the disposal of waste water or industrial waste.  Licensing.
  • Study of sewage disposal.

 

Assessment Methods and Criteria

Written exams with multiple choice questionnaires (70%) and short-answer questions (15%)

Short essay as an output of teamwork (15%)

Recommended or required Bibliography

  • Alexakis D. (2011), Assessment of water quality in the Messolonghi-Etoliko and Neochorio region (West Greece) using hydrochemical and statistical analysis methods. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 182:397-413, DOI 10.1007/s10661-011-1884-2.
  • Alexakis D., Gotsis D., Giakoumakis S. (2012)   Assessment of drainage water quality in pre- and post-irrigation seasons for supplemental irrigation use. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment , 184 (8) 5051-5063, DOI 10.1007/s10661-011-2321-2.
  • Ειδική Γραμματεία Υδάτων (2010) Εφαρμογή της Οδηγίας 91/271/ΕΚ στην Ελλάδας. Κατάσταση 2009. Ειδική Γραμματεία Υδάτων, Υπουργείο Περιβάλλοντος, Ενέργειας και Κλιματικής Αλλαγής. Αθήνα, Ιούνιος 2010.
  • (http://www.ypeka.gr/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=P25AiMwRwdk%3D&tabid=251)
  • Ζανάκη Κ. (2001) Ελεγχος Ποιότητας Νερού. 2η Εκδοση. Εκδόσεις ΙΩΝ. Αθήνα.
  • Καλαβρουζιώτης Ι. (2015) Αειφορική Διαχείριση Εδαφικών Πόρων και Αποβλήτων. 2η Εκδοση. Εκδόσεις Τζιόλα, Θεσσαλονίκη. 
  • Κούγκολος Α. (2007) Εισαγωγή στην Περιβαλλοντική Μηχανική. Εκδόσεις Τζιόλα.
  • Metcalf & Eddy (2014) Μηχανική Υγρών Αποβλήτων. Επεξεργασία και Επαναχρησιμοποίηση. 4η Εκδοση. Τόμος Α. Εκδόσεις Τζιόλα. Θεσσαλονίκη 2014.
  • Τσόγκας Χ. (2008), Δίκτυα αποχέτευσης και επεξεργασία λυμάτων. Εκδόσεις Ιων. Αθήνα.
  • ΥΠΕΚΑ (2012) Κείμενο κατευθυντήριων γραμμών για τη διαχείριση λυμάτων μικρών οικισμών. Ειδική Γραμματεία Υδάτων, Αθήνα 2012.
  • Υπουργική Απόφαση: Αριθ. Ειβ 221/65. Περί διαθέσεως λυμάτων και βιομηχανικών αποβλήτων (ΦΕΚ 138/Β/24-2-65).
  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (2006) Land Treatment of Municipal Wastewater Effluents. Process Design Manual. EPA/625/R-06/016, Land Remediation and Pollution Control Division, National Risk Management Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, Cincinnati,September 2006.
  • Vlachopoulos N., Skordaki E.M., Alexakis D. (2012) Case Study: 16 Years of Optimizing the Performance of Sewage and Water Treatment Plants at Canadian Military Facilities. Protection and Restoration of the Environment XI. Thessaloniki July 3-6, 2012, Greece. 

ENVIRONMENTAL PERMITTING

Module Description

Full Module Description:
Mode of Delivery:  Face-to-face
Weekly Hours:  3
ECTS:  6
Web Page:
Moodle Page:

Learning Outcomes

Τhe specific learning outcome deriving from the topic “Environmental Permitting”, has been designed and is expected to be as follows:

a) Making the students familiar with the basic ideas and terminology of environmental permitting, the procedure of environmental permitting, as well as the categories of environmental impacts and the main methods and techniques for their prevention or mitigation

b) Making the students familiar with the current union and national legal framework, as well as of the related regulatory rules.

c) Making the students familiar with the basic ideas and terminology of strategic environmental assessments (SEA) of plans and programs and the relevant assessment procedures.

d) Knowledge of the legal obligations of operators as regards environmental permitting.

e) Identification of the main environmental impacts of the most common projects and methodologies for their quantitative or qualitative assessment.

Upon the successful completion of the course, it is expected that the students will be able to:  

  • In the area of knowledge, they learn what is environmental permitting and the relevant permitting procedures, which are the main terms, which are the categories of environmental impacts and the main environmental impacts per category of project, which are the main directions of the legislation, which are the available technologies, as well as their operation and investment cost.
  • Regarding the skills, the students are trained into recording and understanding a complex environment (both legal and techno-economic) as regards the environmental impacts of a project,  they become familiar with the available techniques for their prevention or mitigation, based on the international and domestic experience.
  • In the level of capabilities, it is believed that the students’ capabilities to identify, on a professional level, the main environmental impacts of projects, is strongly enhanced, as well as their ability to make decisions and suggest solutions as regards the required environmental terms and conditions for their construction and operation, to evaluate alternatives, to prepare EIAs, preliminary assessments, special ecological assessments, predetermined environmental terms, SEAs and the dossier with the required documents and certification

Module Description

The Syllabus of the course “Environmental Permitting” is as  follows:

  • National legal framework of environmental permitting (Law 4014/2011) with references to the respective EU acquis and brief analysis of its implementation in other EU Member States.
  • Procedure of environmental permitting.
  • Categorization of projects and activities.
  • Dossier and content of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Α1 and Α2 and preliminary environmental assessment.
  • Main environmental impacts of construction and operation of the most common projects and activities – quantitative and qualitative methods for assessing environmental impacts – main methods and techniques for their prevention or mitigation.
  • Model EIAs and preliminary environmental assessments.
  • Special Ecological Assessment.
  • Approval of Intervention (in forest land).
  • Content of environmental permit – environmental terms and conditions.
  • Predetermined Environmental Commitments.
  • Environmental assessment of plans and programs – Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA).
  • Environmental inspections – Directive on environmental liability.

Assessment Methods and Criteria

Written exams with multiple choice system (70%)

Short answer questions (10%)

Short essay (20%)

Recommended or required Bibliography

1. Measurements and reductions of administrative burdens in 13 sectors in Greece, Final report, Environment, 28.2.2014.

2. Review of the implementation of Law 4014/2011 as regards the degree by which the licensing procedures have been simplified and shortened, Ministry of Environment, 1/2014.

3. Έκθεση για το νέο πλαίσιο αδειοδότησης έργων και δραστηριοτήτων που υλοποιήθηκε από το Παρατηρητήριο Επιχειρηματικού Περιβάλλοντος του ΣΕΒ 

4. Ετήσια έκθεση για το επιχειρηματικό περιβάλλον 2014, ΣΕΒ

5. Εκπόνηση Μελέτης για την αναμόρφωση τροποποίηση της κατηγοριοποίησης των έργων και δραστηριοτήτων (ΚΥΑ 15393/2002) και των διαδικασιών περιβαλλοντικής αδειοδότησης Ν.3010/2002 και ΚΥΑ 11014/2003»), ΥΠΕΚΑ, 2011.

6. Interpretation of definitions of project categories of annex I and II of the EIA Directive, Eur. Commission, Brussels 5/2015.

7. Streamlining environmental assessment procedures for energy infrastructure Projects of Common Interest (PCIs), Eur. Commission, Brussels 24/7/2013.

8. Guidance on the Application of the Environmental Impact Assessment Procedure for Large-scale Transboundary Projects, Eur. Commission, Brussels 16/5/2013.

9. Guidance on Integrating Climate Change and Biodiversity into Environmental Impact Assessment, Eur. Commission, Brussels 3/2013.

10. larification of the application of Article 2(3) of the EIA Directive, Eur. Commission, Brussels 2006.

11.  EIA - Guidance on Screening, Eur. Commission, Brussels 6/2001.

12.  EIA - Guidance on Scoping, Eur. Commission, Brussels 6/2001.

13.  Guidelines on the Assessment of Indirect and Cumulative Impacts as well as Impact interactions, Eur. Commission, Brussels 5/1999.

14. Report of the Commission on the application and effectiveness of the EIA Directive, Eur. Commission, Brussels 23/7/20009.

15. Implementation of the Environmental Impact Assessment on the basis of precise examples – IMPEL report, Eur. Commission, Brussels 12/2012.

16. Study concerning the report on the application and effectiveness of the EIA Directive - Final report, Eur. Commission, Brussels 6/2009.

17. Study Improving the Impact of Environmental Impact Assessment, Ευρ. Επιτροπή, Imperial College London Consultants, Vienna 2005.

18. Final report on "The Relationship between the EIA and SEA Directives project, Ευρ. Επιτροπή, Imperial College London Consultants, London 8/2005.

19. Guidance on Integrating Climate Change and Biodiversity into Strategic Environmental Assessment, Eur. Commission, Brussels 3/2013.

20. Report from the Commission on the application and effectiveness of the Directive on Strategic Environmental Assessment, Eur. Commission, Brussels 14/9/2009.

21. Commission's Guidance on the implementation of Directive 2001/42/EC on the assessment of the effects of certain plans and programs on the environment, Eur. Commission, Brussels 14/9/2009.